What is Child Psychology? Child psychology, also known as child development or children psychology, is a field of study that focuses on understanding how children’s minds and behaviors develop from birth through adolescence. It explores the unique psychological processes of children and how they differ from those of adults. Child psychologists observe how children interact […]
What is Psychology? Psychology is the science of the mind and behavior and offers us an intriguing glimpse into the complex workings of our thoughts, emotions, and actions. Through rigorous scientific investigation, psychologists seek to crack the complexities of human nature, exploring the interplay between our biological makeup, social influences, and environmental factors that shape
Classical Vs. Operant Conditioning Classical and operant conditioning are the two learning theories centered in behavioral psychology. There are differences and similarities between classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Both talk about behavioral learning. In classical conditioning, learning is formed through the association of stimuli, whereas, in operant conditioning, learning occurs from action’s consequences. In this
What is Reinforcement Schedule? Schedules of reinforcement refer to systematic patterns dictating when and how reinforcements are delivered to shape and maintain specific behaviors. Rooted in B.F. Skinner’s work, these schedules includes fixed ratio, variable ratio, fixed interval, and variable interval types. They leverage positive and negative reinforcements to encourage or discourage actions, influencing habits
Positive Vs. Negative Punishment Positive and negative punishment are the two key concepts in Operant Conditioning. In this article, we will discuss positive punishment and negative punishment and the similarities and differences between them: What is Positive Punishment? Positive punishment involves adding an unfavorable consequence after an undesired behavior to decrease its likelihood of reoccurrence.
Pros and Cons of Negative Punishment Negative punishment, an operant conditioning principle, diminishes unwanted behavior by subtracting a valued stimulus right after the behavior. The objective is to lower the chances of that behavior happening again by linking it to the removal of something positive. Here are the major pros and cons of negative punishment: